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Curonian Spit National Park

One more place worth attention in Lithuania is the Curonian Spit National Park. It is a unique land stripe between the Baltic Sea and the Curonian lagoon, which more than 5000 years ago formed the sea waves and currents, sand and wind. Over the centuries, the battle between the sea, sand, wind and forest was very erratic, greatly troubled the people who lived there, however this shaped the beauty of current Curonian Spit.

The northern and the largest (52km in total length) part of the Curonian Spit is owned by the Republic of Lithuania. The other part belongs to the Russian Federation Kaliningrad district. This exceptional spit has very interesting geographic facts: the whole area comprises of 180km2, it goes about 98 km in length, the beach line stretches approximately 10 – 50 m; the widest point (3,8 km) is beside the Bulvikis cape; the Northernmost point (380m) is beside the Sarkuva settlement; forests occupy 70% of the land; the spit is formed by about 2km 3 of sand in total! One of the exclusive places to visit is the Parnidis dune – a wandering sand dune in the southern Nida (town situated on the Curonian Spit), 52m above the sea level. There is a unique location, where the sun rises and sets on the surface of the water. On top of the dune is an observation deck with a sundial, built in 1995. The facts speak for themselves – the Curonian spit’s outstanding universal value of the cultural landscape was recognized in 2000, when it was included to the UNESCO World Heritage List as an object of World Cultural significance. Now the spit is comparable to other National parks in the UNESCO site, such as Iguazu (Argentina), Kakadu (Australia), Kaziranga (India) or Tongariro (New Zealand).

The amazing and unparalleled one of the largest moving sand dunes in Europe, the roaring Baltic Sea, the soothing Curonian lagoon, a land specific flora (more than 900 species) and fauna (40 species of mammals and more than 300 birds, with most impressive herons, cormorants and sea eagles)… the list which goes on and on! The Curonian Spit National park has an impressive cultural heritage: an ethnographic fisherman’s houses, the old villas situated in Nida, Juodkrantė, Preila, Pervalka and Smiltynė settlements, the ancient cemetery, Evangelical Lutheran churches and other structures of typical wooden architecture. The Nature Museum, the Maritime Museum–Aquarium, the Amber Gallery, the Tom Mann Culture Centre and others give you a fantastic possibility to hear and learn about the local offshore life.

The Curonian Spit is Lithuania’s pride and glory and you are more than welcome to explore it yourself!

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