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  • discover temporary capital of Lithuania Kaunas
  • visit Kaunas - temporary capital of Lithuania
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  • Kaunas - temporary capital of Lithuania

Kaunas – the provisional capital

Kaunas is the second largest city in Lithuania, which is located almost in the centre of country, where two biggest rivers – Nemunas and Neris meet. It is sometimes called a temporary capital of Lithuania, because during the interwar period, while Vilnius was attributed to Poland, Kaunas fulfilled political, economic and cultural functions.

Take the tour around Kaunas to visit various places of interest. The city is famous by well–preserved Old Town, containing lots of cultural and architectural monuments. One of them is the oldest stone castle in Lithuania – the Kaunas Castle. In the 14th century this castle was the first structure of the city. Now the castle is the department of the Kaunas City Museum, displaying diverse paintings, sculptures, ceramics and other authentic exhibits, as well as holding special educational, recreational and entertaining events. The main historical facts and personalities, the metamorphosis of the buildings and their functions and other historical facts can be heard and learnt in the Kaunas castle.

Another must see object in Kaunas is the Town Hall, often called as “White Swan”. Gothic, Baroque and early Classicism elements can be seen in the building. The main facade faces the east and the tower is 53 metres in height. Interesting fact, that at the entrance to the hall, in the pit behind the glass there is an ancient wax melting furnace. Now Kaunas Town hall is a palace for different events (such as weddings), congresses, meetings and official events, where special guests are warmly welcomed.

One more exceptional architectural object situated in Kaunas Old Town is the House of Thunder. It is an old and original Gothic monument built in the fifteenth century and is associated with Hansa merchants. In the 19th century, during the Romanticism period, a statue of Thunder was found in one of the walls, thus leading the building to be considered a pagan sanctuary. But if you are interested in becoming more familiar with the Baroque style – there is no better place to visit in Lithuania than the Pažaislis Monastery: the Church of Blessed Virgin Mary’s Visitation and the Camaldolese Nunnery. The Ensemble is considered to be one of the finest examples of baroque architecture in Northern and Eastern Europe. Every summer the famous Pažaislis music festival takes place there.

Other places of interest that can broaden your horizons in Kaunas are: 1,6 km long street, which connects new and old parts of the city, called Liberty Avenue (‘’Laisves aleja’’); over 3000 exhibits in the Devil museum; the Lithuanian Zoo; the Magnificent Arch-Cathedral Basilica of St. Apostles Peter and Paul; beautiful churches (Holy Trinity, St. Gertrude, St. Michael the Archangel) and museums (“The Ninth Fort” to remember the Soviet atrocities and the Nazi genocide, “Vytautas the Great military museum”, “Atomic bunker” – the history museum of the security of human race).

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